UPSC Prelims Study Material

Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Written / unwritten and codified / uncodified constitutions, Constituent Assembly – members, elections, meetings, committees, drafting Committee – members, Provisions of Constitution that came into immediate effect on 26 November 1949, contents of various parts and schedules, sources of various parts, Preamble – its relevance. Note:…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Meaning of Union of India. Creation of New States and Alternation of Boundaries, Provisions Regarding acquisition and cessation of Territories, Citizenship act and various ways of getting and losing citizenship of India.   Part-I: Union and Its territories Article 1(1) of the constitution of India says…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Swaraj Bill 1895, Swaraj Constitution, Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Sapru Committee Recommendations, Definition of state in article 12, Fundamental Rights against state and individuals, Self-executory rights, legal rights versus fundamental rights, Doctrine of Severability, Difference between equality of law and equal protection of law, Six…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Components of Union Executive and Union Legislature, President -electoral college, Impeachment, Appointments made by president, Nomination of MPs, conditions of Giving assent to bills, bills that need prior recommendation of President, Pardoning Powers, Comparison of Pardoning Power of President and Governor, Role of Union Government and…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Appointment of Governor, Conditions of Office of Governor, tenure and doctrine of pleasure, Appointments done by Governor, Governor’s powers with regard to state legislature and bills, Ordinance Making Powers, Judicial Powers, Discretionary Powers of the Governor, Special Responsibilities of Governor, Comparison of India’s President and Governor…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Number of Judges in Supreme Court, Appointment of the Judges, Qualification, Tenure and Removal of Judges, Post Retirement Jobs for Supreme Court Judges, Ad Hoc Judges, Original Jurisdiction, Appellate Jurisdiction, Advisory Jurisdiction, Special Leave Petition, Provisions for Independence of Supreme Court, Appointment and Removal of High…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Local Government in Seventh Schedule, Gram Sabha, Three Tiers of Panchayati Raj, Reservation in Panchayats, Disqualification of Panchayat Members, Finance Commission for Panchayats, 11th Schedule, Elections and bar upon court in Panchayat election matters, Three Kinds of Municipalities, Ward Committees, Elections, Reservation of Seats, 12th Schedule, Committee…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Finance Commission – Members, Functions, Report; Tribunals – Establishment, Functions, Jurisdiction, Appeal; Election Commission – Appointment, Removal, Powers and Functions; National Commissions of SCs and STs, Inter-state Council, Emergency Provisions, Article 370, its implications, Amendment of the Constitution, Services under the Union and States, Official Languages,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Immunity Provisions for President and Governor, Size of ministry for smaller states, Privy Purse, Special power of president in context with major ports and aerodromes, Extraordinary emergency powers of President as per Article 365, Special Provisions for Nagaland, Assam, Manipur etc. Provisions regarding Linguistic Minorities, Members…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Law Commission of India, Niti Aayog, Lokpal and Lokayukta, Gram Nyayalayas, Zonal Councils, North Eastern Council, National Green Tribunal, National Integration Council, National Commission for Women, National Commission on Minorities, National Dairy Development Board, The National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC), Coconut Development Board (CDB), The Airports…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

This document is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

This document is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims Topics Age/ Size of Universe, Cosmic Horizon, Big Bang Theory, Expansion of Universe, Cosmic Microwave Background, Hubble Constant, Doppler Effect, Blue and Red Shift, Black Holes, Wormholes and Cosmic Strings, Dark Matter & Dark Energy, Galaxies Basics, Milkyway and Andromedia, Radio Galaxies, Magellanic Clouds, Intersteller Medium, Nebula, Quasar,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims Topics Motions of Earth , Seasons and Eclipse, Earth’s Rotation and Precession Movements, Apparent and Mean Solar Days, Tidal Acceleration, Global Glacial Rebound, Sidereal Day, Earth’s Revolution, Occurring of Seasons, Solstice, Uttarayan & Dakshinayan, Equinox, Longest Days & Nights, Perihelion and Aphelion, Eclipses, Latitudes and Longitudes, Radius and…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims Topics Plate Tectonics – Evidences and Hypotheses, Plates System and Plate Boundaries, Mechanism of Earthquakes, Earthquake scales, Different Types of Seismic Waves, Earthquakes in India, Seismic Zoning of India, Liquefaction, Volcanoes & Volcanism, Types of Volcanoes by Volcanic Eruption, Various terms related to Volcanoes, Magma- Types and composition,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Ocean Relief – Orders and Features, Continental Shelf, Continental Slope & Continental Rise, Deep Ocean basin & Oceanic Ridges, Abyssal Plain, Oceanic Trench, Seamounts & Guyots, Rift valleys & Abyssal Fans, Archipelago, Lagoon, Coral Reefs, Ocean Sediment, Lithogenous Sediment and its various resources, Ocean Temperature –…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Relief Features of the Land and Landforms, Various Geological Provinces, Continental Shields, Mountain Formation: Orogeny, Forms and Types of Mountains, Different Stages of Orogeny, Plateaus and their types, Various Types of Landforms, Types of Rocks, Weathering & Mass Wasting, Basic of Soils and Soil Types. Relief…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Composition and Layers of Atmosphere, Features of Trophosphere, Tropopause, Stratosphere, Ozone Layer, Iosnosphere, Aurora, Exosphere, Heat Energy Budget, Atmospheric Temperature and Pressure, Torrid Zone, Temperate Zones, Frigid Zones, Patterns of Global Isotherms, Vertical Distribution of Temperature, Inversion of the Temperature, Mean Thermal Equator, Daily variation of…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

This document is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

This document is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

This document is under development. 
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Geography of North America document is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Geography of South America document is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Geography of Europe is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Geography of Arctic and Antarctica is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Model Questions Geological History of India, India’s Rock Formations (Stratigraphy), Archean formations, Dharwar system, Cudappah System, Vindhyan System, Gondwana System or Carboniferous period System or Dravidian System, Cretaceous system or the Deccan Trap, Tertiary System, Gondwana and Tertiary Coal Deposits of India, Gondwana Coal, Distribution of Gondwana Coal, Tertiary coals,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Extent of Himalayas, Himalayan Orogeny, Important Mountain passes in Himalayas, Important Peaks of Himalayas, Classification of the Himalaya System, Geographical Regions of Himalaya, Regional Divisions of Himalayas, Geological Divisions of Himalayas, The Great Plains, Thar Desert, Central Highlands, Aravallis, Malwa Plateau, Vindhyan Range, Vindhyachal Plateau, Satpura…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Open and Closed Basins, Indus River System, Ganges River System, Brahmaputra River System, Krishna River, Kaveri River, Other rivers of India, India’s coastal environment, Comparison of the East Coast and West Coast, Islands of India India’s Drainage System Open and Closed Basins A drainage system is…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Push and Pull Factors of migration, Demographic Transition, Demographic Dividend, Age Sex Pyramid, Human Races, Various Tribes of world, Primary/ Secondary / Tertiary Sector, Red, Blue, White collar workers, Types of primary and secondary activities around the world. Human Geography Concepts Human geography studies the inter-relationship…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Current Affairs - Places in News is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Autecology and Synecology, Smallest and Largest Ecological Units, Ecosystem and Ecosystem Services, Biomes Features, Difference between Biosphere and Ecosphere, Similarities / Differences between Biomes and Ecozones, Ecological Niche, Difference between Niche and Habitat, Ecological Equivalents, Narrow Niche and Broad Niche, Food Chain and Food Webs, Various Trophic…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Distribution of Biodiversity, Importance of Biodiversity, Ex situ / In Situ Conservation, Convention on Biological Diversity, Cartagena Protocol, Nagoya Protocol, Biosafety Clearing House, Advanced Informed Agreement, Aichi Targets, CITES, Bonn Convention, Biodiversity Hotspots, Biodiversity Hotspots in India, Biodiversity Act 2002, National Biodiversity Authority, Biodiversity Heritage Sites,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Wetlands in India, Types of Indian Wetlands, Ramsar Convention, India’s Ramsar sites, State of Forests Report – 2015, Forest Area versus Forest Cover, Types of Forest Covers, Forest Rights Act 2006, Forest Village and a Revenue Village, Coral Reefs in India. Wetlands Wetlands India has over…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Primary and Secondary Topics, Formation of Ground Level Ozone, Green House Effect, Various Factors Affecting Green House Effects, Anti-Green House Effect, Ozone Depletion – Process and various Factors, Vienna Convention, Acid Rain – Chemsitry and Impacts, Land Degradation, Shifting Cultivation, Soil Pollution, Indiscriminate Use of Fertilizers, Vermicompost,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsConstitutional Provisions on Environment, Air pollution control areas, Air Quality Control and Monitoring, National Air Quality Index, Water in Constitution of India, Inter-State Water Disputes, National Green Tribunal, Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, Eco-sensitive Zones, Fly Ash, Environmental Impacts of Concrete, Indicator Species, Photochemical Smog, Environmental Concerns of PET…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Climate Forcing, Radiation Balance of Earth, Carbon Cycle and Global Carbon Budget, Ocean Acidification, Carbon Footprint, Carbon sequestration, Blue Carbon, El-Nino and La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole, Walker circulation, Madden-Julian Oscillation, Pacific Decadal Oscillation, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. Climate…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsEcosystem Approach, Ecophene, Various stages of Ecological Succession, Commensalism and Mutualism, Pioneer Community, Captive Breeding, First and Second Generation Alcohols, Categories in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, India’s Natural World Heritage Sites, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Oxygen-18 use in Palaeoclimatology, Salt Mines use in Radioactive Waste Disposal,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Environment Current Affairs is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsBasic Features of Life, Living and Nonliving properties of Viruses, Comparison of Carbon and Silicon in terms of life, Polarity of Water and its implications for life, Role of Cations and Anions in our body, Hypernatremia, Hyponatremia, Types of Carbohydrates, Lipids, Unsaturated Fat and Saturated Fat; Trans and…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsCommon Plant Viral Diseases, Common Human Viral Diseases, Meaning of H and N in Influenza Virus, Difference between Hepatitis A, B and C, HIV and AIDS, Difference between Dengue and Chikungunya, Viral encephalitis and Japanese encephalitis, Industrial and Scientific Applications of Viruses. Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Basic idea about the animals belonging to various taxonomic groups of animal Kingdom. Comparison of three classes of Arthropods, Cartilaginous and Bony Fish examples, Swim Bladder in Fishes, Amphibians - Adaptations to Terrestrial environments, Bird Adaptations for Flight, Common features of all mammals, Monotremes / Marsupials /…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Basic idea about Animal Tissues; Tendons and Ligaments; Types of Teeth; Dental Formula in Children and Adults; Teeth Tissues (pulp, dentin, enamel, and cementum); Steps in Digestion; Digestive Enzymes; Gut flora; Digestion of cellulose in Ruminants; Open and Closed Circulatory Systems, Pulmonary and Systematic Circulation; Systole and…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics RNA World Hypothesis and Protein World Hypothesis, Evidences of Evolution, Neo-Darwinism and Antibiotic Resistance, Reproductive isolation, Speciation, Adaptive Convergence and Adaptive Radiation, Alleles and Genes, Phenotype and Genotype, Dominant and Recessive Genes. Evolution Scientific Hypotheses about Origin of Life Earth is believed to be some 4500 million…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsPlasma State and its uses; Difference between Atomic Number, Atomic Mass and Mass Number, Nuclear Binding Energy, Chemical and Physical Changes, Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions -common examples, Common features of Acids and Bases, pH of common fluids, Isotopes and Allotropes, Periodic table -variation in periods and groups; Common…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsFundamental Units and Derived Units, Horizontal Motion basics, Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Retardation and simple motion graphs, Motion under Gravity, Terminal Velocity, Horizontal Projectile Motion, Circular Motion, Laws of Motion, Inertia, Force, Weight, Conservation of Momentum, Friction, Pushing or pulling an object, Work, Power and Energy, Kinetic and…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsConduction, convection and radiation, Specific Heat Capacity, Thermal Expansion, Change in state of mater, Light-Refraction, Refractive Index, Total Internal Reflection, Optical Fibres and Periscope, Lenses, Real Images and Virtual Images, Twinkling of Stars, Mirage, Optical Illusion, Human Eye-its parts and working, Dispersion of Light, Various Colors, Sound-Pitch, Loudness,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsParts of Computer -Input, Output devices, Cold Boot and Warm Boot, Bits and Bytes, Bytes, Octets and Nibble, Computer Memory, LAN, WAN & MANs, Routers & Bridges, Analog versus Digital Signals, Difference between Optical Fibres and Ordinary Cables, Construction material for Optical Fibres, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Frequency and Wavelengths…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

1.    NAVIC NAVIC {NAVigation withIndian Constellation} is the new name of IRNSS {Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System}. It has been designed to provide information over Indian region and an area extending about 1500 sq km around India {which is called its primary service area}. Further, it will also provide service beyond…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

The Basic Compendium of Target 2013 Programme was first document prepared by GKToday for GS Mains for our Target 2013 students. This document was recommended by Gaurav Aggarwal Rank-1 (2013) at several places including his own blog. This is a legacy document and is good for reference for beginners. After…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsIndia’s National Flag, Flag Code Of India, State Emblem, National Anthem, National Song, National Calendar, National Animal, National Bird, National Flower, Fruit and Tree, National Aquatic Animal, National Currency Symbol, National Heritage Animal, National Game, Languages Classification, Official Languages and Classical Languages. India's National InsigniaIndia's National FlagIndia’s National…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsArt and handicraft of India including Fabrics, Sarees and Apparels, Shawls, Carpets, Durries, Coir Products, Embroidery Products, Fabric Decoration Arts, Metal Work, Wood, Glass, Paper, Stone, Ivory, Toys, Games and puppets, Pottery and Paintings.Note: Generally, UPSC asks one or two questions in prelims examination every year on major…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsShadanga and Chitrasutra traditions, Murals, Miniatures and Frescoes, Cave Paintings, Various schools of paintings in India, Mughal and Rajput Paintings, Modern Indian Paintings.Prehistoric PaintingsThe prehistoric art helps us to find the gradual development of primitive man. This art shows symbolism and it shows that the primitive man took…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQsSculpture in Indus Valley Civilization, Mauryan Sculpture, Post Mauryan Sculpture, Mathura and Gandhara Schools of Art, Gupta / Vakataka sculpture, Modern Indian Sculpture and artists.Sculpture in Indus Valley CivilizationThe Indus Valley art forms included sculptures, seals, pottery, gold jewellery, terracotta figures etc.Stone SculptureIn stone, the two most discussed male…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsArchitecture of Indus Valley, Ancient Rock-cut Architecture, Satavahana / Vakataka Rock-cut Architecture: Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves, Kanheri Caves, Bhaja and Karla Caves, Pallava Rock-cut Architecture: Mahabalipuram, Buddhist Architecture, Temple Architecture, Sandhara, Nirandhara and Sarvatobhadra Temples, Basic Structure of a Hindu Temple, Architecture of Gupta Period, Temple Architecture of…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsIndo-Islamic architecture: Salient Features, Architecture of Delhi Sultanate, Indo-Islamic Architecture in Gujarat, Monuments of Indo-Islamic Tradition in Jaunpur, Monuments of Indo-Islamic Tradition in Mandu, Monuments of Indo-Islamic Architecture at Bijapur, Monuments of Islamic Architecture at Sasaram, Mughal Architecture, Indo-Saracenic style, Post-Independence Architecture. Indo-Islamic architecture: Salient FeaturesIslam spread towards…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsHistory of Indian Music, Basic Concepts of Swara, Raga, Tala etc, Various Forms of Indian Classical Music, Concepts Related to Indian Music, Guru-Shishya Parampara, Marg Sangeet and Pathya Sangeet, Haveli Sangeet and Astachap, Darbar Sangeet, Musical Gharanas, Evolution of Veena, Comparison of Folk Music and Classical Music, Musical…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQ Topics Various Fairs and Festivals of various states and UTs, Fairs and Festivals celebrated all over India, Ancient Indian sports and martial artsSelect Fairs and Festivals Various States and UTsSelect Fairs & Festivals from Andaman & NicobarSubhash MelaSubhash Mela is celebrated at Havelock Island in Andaman &…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsImportant facts about Hinduism and Hindu Philosophy, Astika and Nastika Schools, Six Schools of Indian Philosophy and concepts related to them, Major sects of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Islam, Sufism, Dawoodi Bohras, Wahabism, Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Bahai Faith etc. Religion has been an important part of India’s culture…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Important Prelims MCQsVedic Literature - Sruti, Smriti, Vedas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upavedas, Upanishadas, Vedangas etc. Early Scholars in Sanskrit and Their Works, Buddhist & Jain Literature and Scholars, Classic Sanskrit Literature, Sanskrit Literature in Science and Technology, Assamese Literature, Bengali Literature, Literature and scholars of Hindi and other languages of India.Vedic…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Cultural Terms in News is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Classification of Prehistoric Period, Palaeolithic Age, Narmada Man, Lower Palaeolithic Period, Various cultures in Lower Palaeolithic era, Middle Palaeolithic Period, Upper Palaeolithic Culture, Important Palaeolithic sites in India, Mesolithic Era, Tools of Mesolithic Era, Changes in Life in Mesolithic Era, Important Mesolithic Sites, Neolithic Revolution, Mehrgarh Culture…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsAryans as a Race versus Linguistic Group, Aryans: Original Home Controversy, The Extent of Vedic Civilization: Sapta Sindhu, Brahmavarta and Aryavarta, Vedic Literature, Vedanga and Shatdarshana, Vedanta, Vedic Religion, Polity and Society, Rig Vedic Gods, Rig-Vedic Polity, Rig-Vedic Society, Changes in life in Later Vedic Age, Comparison of…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Important events of life of Gautam Buddha, Buddhist Literature, Buddhist Scholars, Buddhist Councils, Mahayana and Hinayana, Bodhisattva, Places Associated with Life of Buddha – Astamahasthanas and other Concepts Related to Buddhism, Trikaya Doctrine, Comparison of Buddhist Philosophy and Samkhya Philosophy, Chaityas and Viharas, Jainism, Maurya Empire, Sixteen…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsKingdom of Harsha, India at the time of Arab Invasion, Chola - Dynasty, Administration and Life, Chola Self Government, Pallavas, Indian Feudalism, Changes in Society during Early Medieval India, Sangam LiteratureDynasties of Northern India from 600 AD to 1200 ADHarsha's KingdomThe decline of imperial Guptas led to the…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsPolitical history of various Sultans of Delhi Sultanate, Delhi Sultanate - Administration and Land Revenue System, Mughals- Their administration and land revenue and Administration, Bhakti and Sufi MovementsPolitical History of Delhi SultanateThe course of Indian History was invariably changed with the rise of Islam and increased Islamic invasions…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsPortuguese Empire, Religious Policy in decline of Portuguese, Dutch India Empire - Expansion and Amboyna Tragedy, Reasons for downfall, Frehcn and East India Company rivalaries and content for dominance, Rise of British East India Company and various wars, Various Governor Generals till 1858.The first East India Company was…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsPlease pay special attention to contents of Queen Victoria's procalamation, Tea Mania, Kuka Movement, Vernacular Press Act, Ilbert Bill, Various Indian Councils Acts {they have been discussed in historical underpinning in much detail}, Recommendations of Anthony McDonnell Commission, Reasons and impacts of Punjab Land Alienation Act 1900 and…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Model QuestionsLucknow Session and Lucknow Pact, Montagu Declaration, Montague-Chelmsford Report, Government of India Act 1919, Rowalt Committee 1918 and Rowlatt Act, 1919, Satyagraha Movements, Jallianwalla Bagh tragedy, 1919, Disorders Inquiry Committee {Hunter Committee}, Khilafat Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, 1920-22, Moplah Rebellion, Swaraj Party (1923), Pro-changers and No-changers, Rise of Communal Politics,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsThis document has put together important facts about key Peasant Rebellions in British Era and Facts about various personalities on Freedom Movement.Types of Peasant / Tribal Revolts, Jat Uprising, Satnami Revolt, Sanyasi and Fakir Uprisings, Pagal Panthi Revolt, Faraizi Revolt, Wahabi Movement, Kuka Revolt, Moplah Rebellion, Chuar Rebellion,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsCauses of Social Awakening, Reformism versus Revivalism, Types of Reform Movements, Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj, Young Bengal Movement, Prarthana Samaj, Jyotiba Phule and Satya Shodhak Samaj, Veda Samaj, Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj, Vivekananda and Ramakrishna Mission, Theosophical Movement, Bharat Dharma Mahamandala, Dharma Sabha, Swami…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsGross Cropped Area and Net Cropped Area, The share of agriculture in GDP of India, Share of agriculture in GCF (Gross Capital Formation), Current Growth Trends in Indian Agriculture, Issues with Agricultural Productivity, Agricultural Workers as part of Population and Labour Force, Agri-Imports and ExportsIntroduction & Key DataIn…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsFood Grains Production Data, Rice and Rice Cropping Patterns, GI Protected varieties of Rice, Basmati Rice, Wheat and Coarse Cereals, Trends in consumption pattern of Coarse cereals, Pulses, Farming system represents the crops, cropping systems as well as other agriculture related enterprises such as animal husbandry, fisheries etc.…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsOilseeds, Issues with Pulse production and price trends, Dependency in Edible Oil, Oil Palm, Government Policy towards Oil Palm Promotion, Sustainable Oil Palm production, Sugarcane Production, Sugar Industry problems, Cotton, Tea, Coffee, Tea Varieties, Coffee Varieties, Darjeeling Tea, Assam Team, Nilgiri Tea and Kangra Tea and issues related…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsKey horticulture crops, Crop rotation, Intercropping, Sequential Cropping, Rice-Wheat Cropping systemsHorticultural CropsThere has been a common myth that India produces more food grains than fruits & vegetables. The fact is that fruits & vegetables are grown more than food grains in India. In 2012-13, food grain production was…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsDistribution of Livestock in India, Livestock and the structural shift in the agricultural sector, Operation Flood, National Dairy Plan, consumption dynamics in Dairy products, Inland versus Marine Production, Inland Aquaculture & Blue Revolution, Institutional Structure for Support in Poultry Animal Husbandry & Dairy DevelopmentAgriculture and Allied Sector contributed…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsBasic Elements, Issues and Impacts of Green Revolution, Second or Third Green Revolution, Rainbow RevolutionThe significant increase in agricultural production in 1960s consequent upon the adoption of new agricultural strategy and use of HYV seeds and chemical fertilizers is called Green Revolution. The key pillars of this revolution…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics The National Commission on Farmers, BGREI scheme, Raindow Revolution, Minimum Support Price Scheme, Buffer Stocks and Buffer Norms, Food Security, Provisions of NFSA, Human Life Cycle ApproachFoodgrains Management and Public Distribution SystemOver 30 Lakh people of our country died due to starvation and malnutrition during the Bengal…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Model QuestionsGross Command Area and Cultivable / Cultural Command Area, Gross Irrigated Area and Net Irrigated Area, Irrigation Potential Created and Irrigation Potential Utilized, Minor, Medium and Major Irrigation Schemes, Sources of Irrigation, States under Well, Canal and Tank irrigation, Command Area Development Programme, Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme, Pradhan Mantri…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Model QuestionsVarious classes of seeds, Seed Replacement, Government's seed policy, Protection of Plant Variety Act, Basic Knowledge about Fertilizers, Types of Chemical Fertilizers, Fertilizer Subsidy Policy, Policy around natural gas, Neem Coated Urea, Precision Farming, Recent technologies in farming. Seeds and Seeds Related IssuesClasses of SeedsSeeds are basic and critical…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsIndustrial Growth and Industrial Policies, Industrial Structure and Growth Trends, Industrial Growth Trends in first three Five Year Plans, Structural Changes in the Industrial Sector in last 65 years, Rise of Heavy and Capital Goods Sector, Rise of Public sector, Various Types of Goods and IIP, Various types…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsCement Industry, Types of Cement Grade, Cement Making Process, Portland Cement versus White Cement, Environment Impacts of Cement Industry, Concretization and its impacts, Coal Sector, Types of Coals, Fly Ash, India's Coal Resources, Power Sector, Largest producers, consumers and exporters of oil; BTU/ Joule; Upstream, Downstream in petroleum;…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Kusidin, Presidency Banks, Imperial Bank of India, Hilton Young Commission, Nationalization of Banks and their impact, Scheduled Versus Non-scheduled banks, Old and New Private Sector Banks, RBI policy towards Foreign Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Different Rural Cooperatives, Unit Banking / Branch Banking, Mixed, Chain, Retail / Wholesale…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsCall Money, Notice Money and Term Money, Treasury Bills, Certificate Of Deposits, Commercial Paper, Functions of Money Markets, M0, M1, M2, M3, M4, Narrow Money / Broad Money, Derivatives, Mutual Funds, Real Return of Rate, Real Assets and Financial Assets, Short Term and Long Term Investment Options. Unlimited…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ TopicsFiscal Policy Versus Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy Instruments, Impacts of Fiscal Policy Instruments, Taxation powers of states / governments, Concurrent / Residuary Powers of taxation, Income Tax, Corporation Tax, Sales Tax / VAT / CENVAT, Tax devolution, Votable and Non-Votable Expenditures, Cut motions, Vote on Account, Tax Revenue…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Prelims MCQ Topics Dependency Ratio, Demographic Transition Theory, Age Sex Pyramids, Push Pull Factors of Migration, Birth Rate, Death Rate, Total Fertility Rate, Demographic Dividend & Longevity Dividend, Census Act Provisions, Canvasser method and ‘householder’ method of enumeration, Population Extremes (highest, lowest states, districts), SECC Objectives, data, angle of deprivation,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Key Terms in AgricultureGross Cropped Area and Net Cropped AreaGross cropped area is the total area sown counted for as many times as many it is sown. Net sown area is area counted for once even if it is sown for more than once.Subsistence farming & Commercial FarmingIn subsistence farming,…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Business & Economy Current Affairs is under development.
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

United NationsThe term “United Nations” was first officially used on 1 January 1942, representatives of 26 nations pledged their governments to continue fighting together {via Atlantic Charter and Declaration by United Nations} to defeat the Axis powers and to obtain a “just” peace. This was soon after entry of America…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

What is Economic Survey?Economic survey is presented every year shortly before presenting the Union Budget. This document sets the backdrop for the Budget. The rationale of an Economic survey is that the Parliament can better appreciate the Budget proposals with the background Knowledge provided by the Survey. Economic Survey also provides an…
Last modified: Dec 19, 2018

Chapter 1. Land & People 1. India’s Geographical Span India lies entirely in the northern hemisphere, the mainland extends between latitudes 8°4’ and 37°6’ north, longitudes 68°7’ and 97°25’ east and measures about 3,214 km from north to south between the extreme latitudes and about 2,933 km from east to…
Last modified: Dec 18, 2018

UPSC Prelims GS Solved Papers yet to be uploaded.