Current General Studies (CGS)

Last modified: Nov 01, 2018

Can better pay and privatisation reduce corruption? Corruption which is breeding like a cancer in the Indian society is a root cause of many socio-economic problems. The proposed solutions to combat corruption include Better pay scale for the government employees Privatisation Augusto Lopez-Claros, then director of the Global Indicators Group…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

State sponsored terrorism against India Pakistan based terrorist groups are bleeding India by sponsoring terrorist and militancy activities. The nexus between the state and non-state actors with an intention to bleed India is further complicating the security challenges of India. Steps taken to address the challenge Border Management Providing with…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Indian Refugee Policy and Internal Security Refugees are the people who have been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. The tough stance of the government against Rohingya refugees who are referred as world’s most persecuted minorities is put into question in the…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Ozone Pollution Ozone has molecular composition of O3. The presence of ozone in the stratosphere protects the humans against the harmful effects of ultra violet radiations. But the ozone at ground level is considered as a pollutant. This is referred as ozone pollution. Formation of ozone at ground level The…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Patent Exclusivity And Secondary Patents Patent Exclusivity: It refers to monopoly for manufacturing and marketing of the patented product for certain number of years. Secondary patents: After obtaining the primary patent the companies file patents for the derivatives and variants, new dosage regimen, new method of administration in order to…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Mobility as a Service (MaaS) Mobility as a service (MaaS) or Transport as a service (TaaS) is the integration of various forms of transport services into a single mobility service accessible on demand. It is a shift away from the personally-owned modes of transportation towards mobility solutions that are consumed as a service…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Challenges For Power Sector Of India The geography and its natural resources like hydel energy, wind energy provides India with enormous potential. But still 240 million people in the country don’t have access to electricity. Bottlenecks to unleash the potential Various roadblocks for India in unleashing the potential are Efficiency:…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Economic Growth in Post-Reforms PeriodIndian growth story in the post reform period is criticised for not being inclusive. The various loopholes of the post-reform growth strategy areThe pattern of development has aggravated inter-state inequality, widened rural-urban disparity and worsened intra-rural and intra-urban inequality.In the growth story led by private sector…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima YojanaPradhan Mantri fasal Bima Yojana (PFBY) is a crop insurance scheme wherein there will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops. In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Niti Aayog Health Index Report NITI Aayog has released Health Index report titled “Healthy States, Progressive India. It ranks states and union territories based on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes and compare their overall performance with respect to each other. Parameters for the Index The index is based on…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

India's Membership to Wassennar Agreement Wassennar Arrangement aims to promote transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies to ensure there are no destabilising accumulations and terrorists do not acquire them. India is now member of three international export control groups i.e. Australia group,…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

US National Security Strategy And Afghanistan The National security strategy of USA has made some significant departures from past. It provides greater opportunity for India in countering terrorism, promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan and more broadly, the Indo-Pacific. Features of the new policy The policy recognizes the US commitment…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Easing User Interface of Government Web PortalsProblems with the government portals:E-governance has immense potential to address the various issues of governance and to bring in transparency, objectivity in governance. But the portals of government which are supposed to facilitate e-governance are haunted with various issuesTraffic management: The government websites like…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Increased Unemployment among the Educated India must provide quality employment for the young generation to transform its human capital into demographic dividend. The unemployment rate is more among the educated than uneducated because lack of quality opportunities which reflects their educational qualification whereas the uneducated ones are ready to embrace…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Quacks In India Quacks are fraudulent medical practitioners. According to reports of Indian Medical Association, One Million quacks are practicing in India. Disaster due to quacks A medical quack in UP had injected 41 people with the HIV virus from a single infected needle. State health workers stumbled upon the…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

NGO's Role in Addressing the Problems Aftermath Partition NGOs played a vital role in addressing the problems haunting the country aftermath partition like food security, illiteracy, vast population and depletion of resources etc. Role played by NGOs: Population control The Rockefeller foundation (RF) took steps to examine population growth rates and initiate…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Giving Construction Workers Their Due Construction workers form the country’s third largest employee base and fall in the unorganised or informal sector. India’s 45 million construction workers are evidently large in numbers, mostly migrant and almost totally ignored by the system at large. Measures taken to protect the interest of…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

National Human Rights Commission as a Toothless Body The national human rights commission is a statutory body established under the provisions of Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. It is responsible for looking into cases of excesses which are violating human rights and to strengthen the efforts to uphold the…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

1. Amendments Required For Simultaneous Elections The idea of simultaneous elections has been proposed to enhance the efficiency and productivity of governance. This campaign for the simultaneous elections has been spearheaded by the Prime Minister himself. To implement this idea of simultaneous elections various constitutional bottlenecks have been faced. To…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

1. India’s Twin Challenge of Obesity and Undernutrition India currently faces twin challenges in the nutrition sector - under nutrition manifesting in several health problems as well as increasing problem of overweight and obesity. The global nutrition report 2017 has outlined this dichotomy. The findings of the global nutrition report…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

1. Carnatic Wars Recent Context The discussion about Carnatic Wars always escalates in media discussions whenever there are some key events in Indo-French relations. The military cooperation between India and France goes back a long way to the Carnatic Wars against the British in the 18th century. Indian troops were active…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Topic 1. Adopt a Heritage Scheme “Adopt a Heritage: Apni Dharohar, Apni Pehchaan”, is a collaborative effort between the Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), and State/UTs Governments. The Project aims to develop synergy among all partners to effectively promote “responsible tourism”. Priority Areas…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Part-A: Glossary of Important Terms in News – 2016-2018: Part-IV of IV431. 15th Finance Commission : Key Terms of ReferenceThe presidential terms of reference (ToR) of the Fifteenth Finance Commission have raised questions. Southern states have raised objections over the directive to use population data in the ToR from the…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Part-A: Glossary of Important Terms in News – 2016-2018: Part-III of IV301. 1992 Code of ConductIndia and Pakistan have mutually agreed to resolve matters related to the treatment of diplomats and diplomatic premises, in line with the 1992 ‘Code of Conduct’ for treatment of Diplomatic/Consular personnel in India and PakistanThe…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Part-A: Glossary of Important Terms in News – 2016-2018: Part-II of IV151. Aaykar SetuThe Central Board of Direct Taxes has launched an app ‘Aaykar Setu’. The app helps to file income tax return (ITR) online, locate the nearest Tax Return Prepares (TRP), provides calculators and other tools, helps manage your…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Part-A: Glossary of Important Terms in News – 2016-2018: Part-I of IV1. Aadhaar SeedingAadhaar seeding is a procedure by which the Unique Identifications issued by the UIDAI are included in the database of service providers so that they can used the Aadhaar identity for authentication during service delivery. Some of…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Mobilization of Resources for Local Bodies: Various IssuesThe Economic Survey for 2017-18 pointed out that the local bodies in India appear to not to be collecting the revenues from taxes to the extent they can. This has somewhat rekindled the debate on mismatch between powers of taxation and mobilization of…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Articles / Backgrounders on Current IssuesGS-II: International OrganizationsHindi as Official Language of UNThe issue rose during a debate in parliament wherein ruling party proposed to make Hindi as one of the official languages at UN whereas opposition party opposed this move asking the basis of the move  when it is…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Part-A: Backgrounders and ArticlesGS-I: Indian SocietyCelebrities in Indian PoliticsEnding around two decades of speculation, Tamil Superstar Rajinikanth has announced his stint in politics of the state. He has announced that he would launch a political party, which would eventually contest on all 234 seats of the TN assembly in upcoming…
Last modified: Oct 27, 2018

This document is still under preparation and will be available for download for Target 2018 Members after January 31, 2018.
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

General Studies-1GS-I -Important Geophysical PhenomenaQ+A: Cyclone OckhiIn India, every year the Indian coast, especially the east coast witness several cyclonic storms. This year, the latest powerful cyclone named Ockhi (means eye in Bangla) has caused extensive damage to the lives of the people living in coastal areas. It brought heavy…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Part-A: Backgrounders and IssuesGS-III: Protection of EnvironmentQ+A: Bonn Climate Conference – 2017The UN Climate Change Conference, 2017 was held from November 6 to 17, 2017 at Bonn, Germany. It was presided by Government of Fiji. This article provides relevant questions and answers to understand basic issues.What is United Nations Framework…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Issues and Backgrounders: GS-1Liquor in Constitution and Topics Related to Liquor ProhibitionRight since 1948, many states in India have imposed ban on sale and consumption of liquor. The issue was being debated recently in connection with prohibition in Bihar.Facts and FundamentalsLiquor in Indian ConstitutionLiquor finds its place in the constitution…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Issues and Backgrounders: GS-1Sabarimala Temple Entry IssueAmidst the 18 hills, Ayyappan’s temple called Sabarimala is located in the Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala. It is one of the most important pilgrimage site for Hindus and as per records the second largest seasonal pilgrimage in the world to Mecca in Saudi Arabia.…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model QuestionsWhat do you understand by Interconnection Usage Charge (IUC)? Do you agree with the view that recent changes effected by Telecom Regulatory Authority may result in monopoly of telecom sector by few players? Discuss.How is Saubhagya is different from existing initiatives for the power sector? Critically examine the features…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model QuestionsDifferentiate between Green Box Subsidies, Amber box Subsidies and Blue box subsidies. What are India's concerns over amber box subsidies? Explain.Discuss the contours of the Strategic Partnership model towards boosting defence manufacturing in India.Every government policy has intended as well as unintended consequences. To what extent, the unintended consequences…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

GS-II: Mechanisms and Laws for Vulnerable SectionsVarious Issues around Prison ReformsPrisons are a subject of state list in Indian constitution. The prisons in most states in India face problems of overcrowding, corruption, discrimination, inequality, issues of sanitation, food and health related issues. The women prisoners face sexual violence and so on. …
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model Questions"India’s refusal to participate in China's One Belt One Road initiative is a bold and pragmatic foreign policy move." Discuss critically.What are the China’s Plans on Bunji and Bhasha Dams and what are its strategic Implications? Explain.What were the key recommendations of Ranjit Roy Chaudhary committee on Clinical trials?…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model QuestionsTo what extent, India’s coastal security apparatus has strengthened since the Mumbai terror attacks? Do you identify some critical gaps in the same? Examine critically.Recently, Ministry of Power has decided to introduce reverse e-auction in the bidding for short-term power procurement. What are its advantages and disadvantages with respect…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model QuestionsWhat are the key recommendations of P J Nayak Committee report on governance problems in functioning of the Public Sector Banks? Critically assess these recommendations and possible implications of accepting them on Indian economy.What are the key disruptive trends of the so called Industry 4.0 (Fourth Industrial Revolution)? Discuss…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model QuestionsWhile considering Mutiny of 1857 as the first war of Independence, we generally accept Mangal Pandey as the first martyr of Indian freedom struggle. However, there were many others who revolted (against British) even before 1857. Elucidate the role of some of such unsung heroes whose martyrdom / revolt…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model QuestionsTo what extent, it is justified to call “Champaran Movement” a revolutionary or peasant movement. Examine critically.Champaran Constitutes a Landmark in the rise of mass politicization of India. Do you agree with this statement? Explain.To what extent, the recent proposal of Japanese Prime Minister regarding new constitition of that…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Model Questions"Unlike Tamil Shaiv Siddhanta, the Kashmir Shaivism is non-dualistic." Examine the validity of this statement while throwing light upon the salient features of and philosophy of Kashmir Shaivism."Despite of a weak representation in institutional politics, women in North East are known for their active participation in social, economic, cultural…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Short Notes1. 90-90-90The term 90-90-90 refers to a target set by UNAIDS programme. This target is:By 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status.By 2020, 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy.By 2020, 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

1.       Top Arsenic Affected States The largest number of arsenic affected people in India is found in West Bengal where 83 blocks in 8 districts have groundwater contaminated by Arsenic.  As of March 2017, total number of arsenic-affected people in the country is about 1.48 crore. Of these, 1.04 crore…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

1.       Top Arsenic Affected StatesThe largest number of arsenic affected people in India is found in West Bengal where 83 blocks in 8 districts have groundwater contaminated by Arsenic.  As of March 2017, total number of arsenic-affected people in the country is about 1.48 crore. Of these, 1.04 crore arsenic…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Prelims CGS-7, 8, 9 and 10 under Target 2017 Programme are four documents covering 400 exam oriented topics / questions with important facts from current affairs 2016 to 15 May 2017 focusing on relevant facts on which questions may be asked in examination. This is second part of the series.…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Prelims CGS-7, 8, 9 and 10 under Target 2017 Programme are four documents covering 400 exam oriented topics / questions with important facts from current affairs 2016 to 15 May 2017 focusing on relevant facts on which questions may be asked in examination. This is second part of the series.…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Prelims CGS-7, 8, 9 and 10 under Target 2017 Programme are four documents covering 400 exam oriented topics / questions with important facts from current affairs 2016 to 15 May 2017 focusing on relevant facts on which questions may be asked in examination. This is first part of the series.…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

Prelims CGS-7, 8, 9 and 10 under Target 2017 Programme are four documents covering 400 exam oriented topics / questions with important facts from current affairs 2016 to 15 May 2017 focusing on relevant facts on which questions may be asked in examination. This is first part of the series.…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

GS-I: Indian Society1. Sports Leagues and Commercialization of SportsThe commercialization of sports in India started in 2008 with the inauguration of Indian Premier League (IPL) in cricket. This was followed by an array of such leagues including Hockey India League, Indian Badminton League, Pro-Kabaddi League, Pro-wrestling League, Hero I-League, Indian…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

GS-III- Science and Technology Developments; GS-II: Governance Related IssuesAadhaar and E-KYC: Various IssuesReliance JIO and other telecom operators in these days are relying on Aadhaar data for customer verification before activating the SIM Cards. This article analyzes how such private players are able to access the Aadhaar data and what…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

1. Duties and Functions of Controller General of Accounts (CGA)During April-December 2016, the fiscal deficit of the government had reached 93.6% of the government estimates. This implies that government will miss the targets and fiscal deficit may be more than 105% by the end of April. Similarly, revenue deficit may…
Last modified: Oct 25, 2018

GS-II: Social Justice, Employment 1. Trends in Employment Elasticity in India Employment elasticity is a measure of the percentage change in employment associated with a 1% change in economic growth. It indicates the ability of an economy to generate employment opportunities for its population as per cent of its growth…
Last modified: Feb 04, 2017

Model QuestionsWhy it is argued that development model should be demand-driven? Discuss.In your view, what can be implications of making governor devoid of his power to reserve bills for presidential assent? Critically discuss while keeping in focus article 200 of the constitution.“Despite many flaws that demand reform, India’s PDS (Public…
Last modified: Jan 25, 2017

Model Questions For MainsIn the light of various problems faced by CAPART, do you think that CAPART should be disbanded? Suggest any alternative way for NGO-Government partnership in development industry of the country.With suitable examples, discuss the reasons behind rise of National-Populists across the world in recent years.In recent years,…
Last modified: Jan 14, 2017

Model QuestionsExamine the possible implications of the policy of reservation of jobs for local residents of a state on labour mobility and economy in general."Personal genomics can play a very promising role in the field of health sector around the world in future". What do you understand by personal genomics…
Last modified: Jan 06, 2017

Mains Model Questions India’s Border Area Development Programme (BADP) not only provides comprehensive approach to Border Management, but also focuses on socio-economic development of the people living in border areas. Critically discuss the success and failures of this programme with respect to India’s borders on eastern and western front. How…
Last modified: Jul 03, 2017

Articles / MonographsKey Scientific Inventions of 2016 [For Prelims]The role of science in inventions cannot be overlooked. From the spinning wheel and the steam engine to modern warfare and supercomputers, science and technology has profoundly influenced human civilization. Scientific revolutions have gained speed and have become more and more advanced  with every…
Last modified: Nov 20, 2016

This is the second part of CGS-25-30. This part has 100 questions and answers on current issues and topics including select topics from our previous CGS Modules and has been written keeping revision of major topics within less time. Pro-Kabaddi What changes have taken place in Kabaddi over the ages?…
Last modified: Dec 15, 2016

Topic 1. SAARC Minus PakistanSAARC, the economic and geopolitical group of eight South Asian countries viz. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, is going through a crucial phase in current times. Amid deteriorating Indo-Pak relations, government of India’s decision to skip the SAARC summit; and similar…
Last modified: Oct 23, 2016

Model QuestionsCritically examine the advantages and risks for India from the proposed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Do you agree with the view that joining RCEP can be more fruitful for India with respect to its manufacturing goods in comparison to services? Give arguments.While explaining the four modes of services…
Last modified: Oct 05, 2016

Model QuestionsDespite several advantages, the researchers are yet to create commercially viable nuclear fusion reactors to produce energy. Explain various reasons.With reference to nuclear energy, differentiate between the Boiling Water Reactors (BWR), Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) and Heavy Water Reactors. Which of them is more popular and why?What do you…
Last modified: Sep 23, 2016

Model QuestionsThe Payment Bank model seems to not working well as some of the private license holders have surrendered their licensees in recent times. Discuss. What are the potential advantages of India Post Payment Bank has over private players?"There is an existing prejudice and stereotype that portray African nationals as…
Last modified: Sep 11, 2016

Model QuestionsDifferentiate between a Virtual Network Operator and a Network Service Operator? What are the possible implications of recent approval for entry of VNOs in India on (1) consumers (2) government (3) telecom industry? Discuss.While keeping in focus the NCSC/NCST, NHRC and NCM, critically examine if having a constitutional status…
Last modified: Sep 01, 2016

Model QuestionsCritically examine the reasons behind low female judge ratio in India. Can reservation for women in judiciary solve this problem? Justify.While enumerating the parameters of ranking in National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) adopted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), critically examine importance of such rankings.Tax amnesty schemes…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill, 2015Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) is proposed to be setup at both central and state level to ensure expeditious and transparent utilization of amounts realised in lieu of forest land diverted for non-forest purpose. The utilization of funds is expected to mitigate the…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

This module is a summary of important terms in news and I have made it as concise as possible. The most important Prelims topics from this document are as follows:Role of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay during British India and Free India; Founders of Seva Dal, All India Women’s Conference; Vasant Vyakhyanmala, Black-necked…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model Questions Prelims MCQ Topics HSPD-6, LEMOA, CISMOA and BECA, Chitosan, KELT-4Ab, Climate Change Action Plan, Sajibu Cheiraoba, Hiroshima Declaration, Tiger Range Countries, Unified Payments Interface, Param Kanchenjunga, Dipa Karmakar, National Water Informatics Centre, Tax Avoidance, Tax Evasion and Tax Planning, offshore shell companies, Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS) , Schedules…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsWho decides MGNREGA wages; Google Tax; Biofortification; CSR requirements as per Companies Act; Recent changes in FCRA; Hazardous Waste Management Rules, 2016; IndARC; services offered by NAVIC, Global Vaccine Switch; Current borrowing limit for states, Minimum judge requirement for a constitutional bench in Supreme Court;  India's current…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsSurface Fire and Crown Forest Fire, Forest fires in Taiga versus Savannah, Impacts of Forest Fires on Ecology and Biology, Various Doping substances, Blood doping, Gene doping, Declaration of Lausanne, WADA and NADA, Anti-Doping Administration & Management System, Motion of Thanks and its amendment, Fixed Dose Combination…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsMains Model QuestionsWhile keeping focus on problem areas, critically examine the efforts of the government on preservation of documentary heritage of India."Devadasi system is prevalent only in few states, however, the problem is considered to be a national one." While discussing its evolution, examine the legal framework and issues…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsCostal versus Inland wetlands, Wetland Rules 2016, HIEMDA scheme, Capital Goods, TPRU, TPC, Jan Aushadhi Scheme, LED Versus OLED, Dhaka Declaration on SDG Action, BGR-34 drug, Moa of Jainagar, Sarpuria of Krishnagar, and Mihidana and Sitabhog of Burdwan (New Bengali Sweets under GI protection), RMAb.Model Questions for…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsModel Questions for MainsWhat would be the short term and long term impacts if all the countries opened their borders? Discuss giving arguments for and against open borders.It is said that Europe’s open borders are crumbling after Syrian refugee crisis. Critically examine the current situation.What are various implications of…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsWhich are the countries where Hutus and Tutsis live? Various Applications of Cobalt, Fowler Report, Renewable Purchase Obligation, Common Rare Earth elements, Quantum dots, Zika Virus, HTTP Status Code 451, Himalayan Forest Thrush, Mrinalini Sarabhai, Shankar Ghosh, Lala Lajpat Rai, Hybrid Annuity ModelMains Model QuestionsWhat are the…
Last modified: Dec 11, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsNational Credit Guarantee Trust Company (NCGTC), 10th Schedule, Nathu La, Which monastery is seat of Karmapa?, Chumbi Valley, Abhinavagupta, Navarasa Theory, Trika system, Nund Rishi, COMPAT, Income Computation and Disclosure Standards (ICDS), GAVI, Nuclear sites of Iran, Chabahar Port, Q-Carbon, Magnetic Greenhouse Effect, Bheema Bamboo, City Compost,…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model Questions Prelims MCQ Topics Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, Place of Effective Management (PoEM), National Investment and Infrastructure Fund, Uday Scheme, Mithun, DMPA, Li-Fi versus Wi-FI, NIHSAD, NIVEDI, NARES, Mrida Parikshak, ARYA Scheme, STUDENT READY, Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund, Apurva (Buffalo), Deepasha, Diuretics in Sports, Head on Generation (HoG) system,…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsDear Member,This is an experimental module in which we have tried to arrange the backgrounders and Mains Questions separately. At our backend, these questions are getting categorized in Paper 1, 2, 3 & 4. This is how we wish to arrange the content in future CGS documents and make…
Last modified: Jul 02, 2017

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsDouble Sulphitation, Dengvaxia, PSLV-C29, I-LTEO, Breakthrough Energy Coalition, Inle Lake, Transformative Carbon Asset Facility (TCAF), Deflation versus Disinflation, Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR), Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS), Revised Priority Sector Lending (PSL) target for Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), Resource Curse, Bharatvani, Smokeless…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsAedes aegypti mosquito, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, The Mongoloid and Negroid Tribes of Andaman and Nicobar, Poultry and Antibiotic Resistance link, RSASTF, Technology Acquisition and Development Fund, Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development, 2015, SATYAM programme, Project ASMAN, Financial Infrastructure Development Network, Maareech, Doyang Lake, Constitutional provisions…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ TopicsMattancherry Palace Murals, Pure Angels Versus Super Angels, G-20 members, Vienna Programme of Action and Almatty Programme of Action, Extreme Altitude Research Centre, 7 diseases covered in Mission Indradhanush, Ganges River Dolphins, HRA Boundary, Financial Inclusion Fund, Masala Bonds, Olive Ridley Turtles, Environment Impacts of Straw Burning,…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model QuestionsPrelims MCQ QuestionsWhich Nobel Prize is given by which body?, Basic knowledge about Neutrinos, Neutrino Oscillation, Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, River Blindness, Lymphatic Filariasis, Section 8 of RTI, Shah Bano Case, JJ Act 2014 in context with Uniform Civil Code, Appointment of judges in Higher Judiciary, Collegium System, three…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model Questions"Although Right to Privacy has not been mentioned explicitly in Part-III of the constitution, yet it has established itself as a fundamental right enforceable against state." Explain.Critically discuss the various arguments on the basis of which the Aadhaar project has been challenged for violating the right to privacy. To…
Last modified: Aug 22, 2016

Model Questions"Maoist insurgency in Nepal brought a paradigm change in the fundamental parameters of politics." Critically examine the rise of Maoists and factors behind their success in Nepal.Trace the history of the so called “Terai rights” movements in Nepal. To what extent the recently promulgated constitution has addressed the issue…
Last modified: Nov 10, 2018

Model Questions Prelims MCQ Topics DTTI, Law Commission of India – History, Importance, Composition, Global Initiative of Academic Network (GIAN), Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana, District Mineral Foundations, Health Effects of Mobile Tower radiation, Small Finance Banks and Payment Banks and their comparison, CCTNS, Paryushan, Proposed RCEP Members and…