GS-I: Modern World History

Discuss some of the important inventions and discoveries that took place during the 18th century. How these led to some of the major humanitarian reforms in the society?

January 25, 2018

Important inventions and discoveries that took place during the 18th century are: First vaccine for small pox Process of selective breedingand artificial selection Use of cast iron for construction of bridges and buildings Steam engine Invention of electrostatic motor  Power loom Major humanitarian reforms in the society due to inventions and discoveries are: The invention of

Reasons that helped Industrial Revolution and political liberalization spread first and fast in Western Europe

January 25, 2018

Industrial revolution originated first in Western Europe, particularly Britain, and then spread to other European nations like France, Germany, Portugal and Italy. Political liberalization means a movement for political sovereignty of people to some extent, or in other words, loosening of government control over certain matters such as trade and industry. Political liberalisation contributed to

How Communism took over Eastern Europe after World War II?

January 25, 2018

Eastern Europe region was the main battlefield during the Second World War. The process of spreading communism in this region started at the end of world war-I and was expedited after the end of world war-II. In 1918, Russia under the leadership of Lenin, a powerful communist leader, started annexing the neighbouring countries. Hungary was

Discuss the trends in Indo-Russia politico-strategic relationship since India’s independence. To what extent, it is correct to say that India is moving away from Russia by getting close to U.S.A and China? Give Arguments to support your view

January 25, 2018

Key Trends in Indo-USSR-Russia relationship since India’s independence are as follows: India established good diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R. after Independence. In the early 1950s, when India suffered balance of payment crisis due to rapid economic development and huge imports, USSR helped India. Later, with former Indian Prime Minister Nehru’s visit to the USSR and

Discuss the key changes introduced in Eastern Europe in the aftermath of World War-I? Why democracy failed to establish a permanent hold in the newly formed countries of Eastern Europe? Elucidate.

January 25, 2018

Changes introduced in Eastern Europe after World War-1 The Treaty of Versailles resulted in new national boundaries and countries. The former empire of Austria-Hungary was dissolved, and new nations were created from its land: Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. The Ottoman Empire was disintegrated and lost most of its land to Allies. It retained only